Acne laser treatment
Acne treatment and correction of acne scars
Acne is a multifactorial disease that currently affects not only up to 80% of adolescents, but also about 25% of the older age group. There are many forms of acne. In some people, it goes milder, while in some – it hits really hard. And the more severe form of acne, the greater the risk of forming hard-to-remove traces – spots and scars. In addition, acne greatly affects the psycho-emotional state of the person: he begins to avoid communication, and is ashamed of his appearance. Such people have a severely low self-esteem and are prone to depressive states. The situation is also aggravated by pain or other unpleasant feelings that accompany most cosmetic procedures aimed at treating acne.
That is why a huge part of the resources of medical and aesthetic cosmetology is involved in finding and implementing not only effective, but also safe, painless methods of extended action.
To date, such a solution is embodied by the developers of the laser system FOTONA. At the HOLY LAND Clinic of Aesthetic Medicine we are pleased to present a revolutionary method for the treatment of both severe acne and its sequelae: ACNE & ACNE SCAR REVISION by SP Dynamis FOTONA.
How does the laser deal with acute acne and its sequelae?
In order to understand the efficiency of the method it is necessary to understand what are the key factors that provoke acne and what are the effects of laser radiation. It is a well-known fact that the main causes of acne are:
- Increased sebum production
- Delayed exfoliation of horny scales from the skin surface
- Activation of the anaerobic bacterium Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes)
At the inflammatory stage of acne, they use the controlled deep penetrating neodymium Nd:YAG laser energy that reaches the dermis very precisely, without damaging the upper layers of the skin. The laser beam in this case has several targets at the dermis level: oxy- and deoxyhemoglobin and porphyrins. While being absorbed by the red blood cell pigments (oxy- and deoxyhemoglobin) of the excited vessels at the inflammation site, the neodymium light relieves the redness and swelling of the large elements. This ensures a soothing effect. In addition, the effect on the vessels, namely their suppression by laser radiation, worsens the trophism of the sebaceous glands, and thus reduces the production of sebum.
Porphyrins are pigments produced by P. acnes bacteria during their life. When they absorb light energy, they heat up and form free radicals that are detrimental to the bacterial flora. This is how the disinfecting effect of the laser beam is implemented.
Moreover, neodymium light deeply heats the middle layer of the skin, stimulating fibroblasts to produce new quality collagen. Thus, the prevention of formation of cicatricial changes in the place of resolution of deep inflammatory elements is realized.
When traces of post-acne are already present on the skin: scars or stagnant spots, the Erbium laser beam in ablative mode (laser peeling or resurfacing mode) will be used to solve the problem. The high energy of the Erbium Er:YAG laser is absorbed by the water of the skin cells as much as possible, which ultimately achieves the effect of their physical vaporization. For the patient this reads as smoothing of atrophic (retracted) scars and removal of stagnant spots.
Obviously, these two laser types complement each other’s action, achieving the most comprehensive effect as a result.
Need more information?
Number and frequency of sessions required
Our doctor will answer this question correctly based on the individual situation during the initial consultation. It is safe to say that patients notice an improvement already after the first visit.
The treatment does not last more than 30 to 60 minutes. The interval between sessions is 10 days, and it takes 3 to 6 sessions.
Do I need to prepare for the treatment?
First, you need to consult with a specialist before you begin the treatment course. During the consultation, the doctor will make sure that you have no contraindications, consider your individual features, explain the peculiarities of the acne laser treatment and its consequences. If necessary, you will be recommended additional procedures that will help you achieve the best results in a shorter period of time.
What is the procedure like?
The first stage is standard for most cosmetic procedures – a thorough cleansing of the skin. If active rash in the form of pustules is observed on the skin, their content is evacuated at this stage, and the skin surface is disinfected with an alcohol-free solution.
Next, the specialist and the patient put on protective goggles, and the master selects the optimal mode of exposure with the laser beam and the appropriate nozzle.
The third stage is the actual treatment of the skin. Often, the doctor uses a combination of laser exposure methods to achieve maximum and personalized results.
During the skin surface treatment with laser energy patients feel heat, perhaps, a slightly tingling sensation. Cold blow is used to reduce the painful sensation. In ablative modes of resurfacing or peeling, topical anesthesia is applied locally to the skin.
After the procedure, you may notice temporary hyperemia and mild swelling, the severity of which depends on the depth of exposure.
For a faster recovery, the doctor will recommend optimal remedies for skin regeneration with anti-inflammatory effect. In each individual case, remedies may vary, depending on the patient’s request.
General recommendations are as follows:
In whom is the procedure contraindicated?
The procedure is categorically prohibited in the following situations:
- General diseases that impair tissue trophicity, such as diabetes mellitus or decompensated arterial hypertension
- Acute infectious diseases
- Oncologic diseases
- If you have tanned recently